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初中英语 | 最常用的英语动词短语大汇集!一起

2018-12-28      来源:未知      作者:admin

初中英语需要我们大家的日积月累

单词短语句型都得一点一点积累

 

动词短语是一个非常重要的内容

因为它在初中英语考试的各类题型中都会涉及

所以,大家一定要重视起来吧

今天给大家归纳了初中三年必背的动词短语,

赶快背起来吧!

同一动词+不同介词/副词

come短语

 

come across (偶然)遇见(或发现)

come along (意外地)出现;发生;来到

come down 降落

come from 来自

come back 回来

come on 快点;加油

come out 出版;发表;开花;发芽

come over 顺便来访

come true (希望、梦想等)实现

 

get短语

 

get away 逃离

get back 返回

get down 下降

get on 上车

get off 下车

get over 克服

get up 起床;起来

get along/on with sb. 与某人相处

 

go短语

 

go away 走开;离开

go back 回去

go up 上升;增长

go out 出去;熄灭

go off 爆炸;走开;衰退

go over 仔细检查;复习

go through 通过

 

give短语

 

give away 赠送;分发

give back 还给;归还;恢复(健康等)

give in 投降,屈服

give out 发出(气味、光线、声音、信号);分发

give up 放弃

 

look短语

 

look after 照顾;照看

look at 看

look around 环顾四周

look for 寻找;寻求

look into 调查

look out 当心

look over (仔细)检查

look through 浏览

look up (在词典、参考书等中)查阅;查找

look up to 钦佩;仰慕;尊敬

look down upon 瞧不起

look forward to 盼望;期待

 

put短语

 

put away 把……收起来;储存……备用

put down 写下;放下

put off 推迟;拖延

put on 穿上;上演;增加

put out 扑灭;熄灭(火)

put up 张贴;搭建

 

take短语

 

take away 拿走;带走

take down 取下;记下;拆卸

take in 吸入;吞入(体内)

take out 取出

take off 脱下(衣服);(飞机等)起飞

take up 占据(时间、空间);开始从事;拿起

take care 当心;小心

take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像

take care of 照看;照顾

 

turn短语

 

turn down 调低,调小;拒绝

turn up 开大, 调高;出现

turn on 打开

turn off 关闭  

turn out 结果是

turn in 上交

练一练

1.We will never _______ our dream until it comes true one day.

A. give up    

B. give in  

C. give out   

D. give away

A【解析】句意:我们永远不会_____ 我们的梦想直到它实现的那一天。give up放弃;give in屈服;give out分发;give away捐赠,根据句意放弃梦想,故选A。

 

2.—Hurry up! I’m afraid we will miss the plane.

—Don’t worry! The plane will not _____ until 12 o’clock.

A. take after   

B. take away   

C. take off   

D. take out

C【解析】句意:“快点!我担心我们将错过飞机”“不要担心!飞机12点前不会 _____。”take after(外貌或行为)像;take away拿走;take off起飞;take out取出。根据句意飞机应该是起飞,故选C。

 

3.—Why does your room look so small?

—Because the bed_______too much space.

A. takes up   

B. takes down   

C. takes off   

D. takes away

A【解析】句意“为什么你的房间看起来这么小?”“因为床_____太多的空间。”takes up占据;takes down记下;takes off脱掉,(飞机等)起飞;takes away带走,取走。根据语境可知,此处表示“床占据了太多空间,所以房间看上去很小”。故选A。

 

4.In order to save the energy, we should ________ lights in time if we don’t need them.

A. turn up     

B. turn down       

C. turn off     

D. turn on

C【解析】句意:为了节约能源,在我们不需要用灯时,应当及时把他们_____。 turn up调大,通常指声音等;turn down调小;turn off关闭;turn on打开。根据句意可知,此处是指关掉灯。故选C。

 

5.I’m very surprised to ________ an old friend in Paris. We haven’t seen each other for years.

A. come out  

B. come across  

C. come after  

D. come on

B【解析】句意:我很惊讶在巴黎______一位老朋友。我们很多年都没见面了。come out出版;come across偶然遇见;comeafter跟随;come on加油。根据语境可知选B。

 

6.It’s a good habit for us that we should never ________ today's work till tomorrow.

A. put on  

B. put off

C. put up   

D. put down

B【解析】句意:我们应该决不把今天的事情_______到明天,这对我们来说是一个好习惯。 put on穿上; put off 推迟;put up张贴;put down记下,根据句意表示把今天的事情推迟到明天,故选B。

 

7.The doctors ________ the little girl carefully. They advised her to take some medicine on time.

 A. looked into  

B. looked over  

C. looked for   

D. looked at 

B【解析】句意:医生们仔细地_____     小女孩。他们建议她按时吃药。looked into调查;looked over (仔细)检查;looked for 寻找;looked at看。结合句意可知此处是指医生仔细地检查了那个小女孩。故选B。

 

8.—What do you usually do in the evening, Tom?

—I usually ________ the newspapers to find something interesting.

A. look through  

B. look out

C. look around  

D. looked into

A【解析】句意“汤姆,你晚上通常做什么?”“我通常     报纸来找一些有趣的东西。” look through浏览;look out当心;look around向四周看;looked into调查。根据句意可知指“浏览”,故选A。

不同动词+同一介词/副词

about短语

 

care about 关心;在意

talk about 谈论;讨论;议论

think about 考虑

throw about 乱丢;抛撒

worry about 担心

 

at短语

 

point at 指向

look at 看(某人)

throw at 投向;掷向

laugh at(sb.) 嘲笑(某人)

knock at 敲

shout at(sb.) 对(某人)大喊

aim at 瞄准;旨在

 

away短语

 

get away 逃离

give away 赠送;分发

put away 把……收起来;储存……备用

run away 逃跑;跑掉

take away 拿走

throw away 扔掉

move away 搬走,移开

 

back短语

 

bring back 恢复;使想起;归还

come back 回来

get back 回来;恢复

give back 归还;送回

go back 回去

pay back 偿还(借款等)

talk back 回嘴;顶嘴

 

down短语

 

break down 停止运转;出故障

calm down 保持冷静

cut down 砍倒;削减

fall down 落下;摔倒

get down 下来;落下

put down 写下;记下;放下

shut down 关上;停业

take down 拆除;记录

turn down 调低;关小;拒绝

write down 写下;记下

 

in短语

 

believe in 信任;信赖

check in 报到;登记

come in 进来

hand in 交上;提交;呈送

take in 吸入;吞入(体内);理解;欺骗

 

of短语

 

hear of 听说

think of 思考;考虑

get out of 离开;从……出来

take care of 照顾;照看

 

off短语

 

break off 突然中止;中断

cut off 切除;切断

drop off 减少;下降

fall off 从……掉下

get off 脱下;下车

go off (闹钟)发出响声;发出(光、热等)

keep off 勿踏;勿踩

knock off 停止做某事

pay off 偿清(欠款等)

put off 推迟;拖延

run off 跑掉;迅速离开

see off(为某人)送行

set off 动身(去某地);起程

send off 派遣

shut off 关闭;停止运转

take off 脱下(衣服),(飞机等)起飞

tell off 责备;分派

turn off 关闭

 

on短语

 

put on 穿上

turn on 打开

fight on 坚持

pass on 传递

keep on 继续(进行)

try on 试穿;试试看

work on 从事;忙于

depend on 依赖

come on 赶快;加油;来吧

hold on 等一等(别挂电话)

 

out短语

 

blow out 吹灭

break out (战争、火灾等)突然发生;爆发

bring out 使显现;使表现出

check out 查明;离开

clean out 清除;把……打扫干净

clear out 清理;丢掉

come out 出版;发表

cut out 删除;删去

find out 查明;发现;了解

get out 出去,离开

give out 发出(气味、光线、声音、信号);分发

go out 出去;熄灭

hand out 分发;发放

keep out 不让......进入

leave out 不包括;不提及;忽略

look out 留神;当心

put out 扑灭;熄灭(火)

run out 用尽;耗尽

sell out 卖完;售光

set out 出发;启程

stand out  站出来;突出;坚持到底

take out 取出

work out 算出;解决

help (sb.) out 帮助(某人)解决困难

 

over短语

 

come over 顺便来访

fall over 绊倒

get over 克服;恢复;原谅

go over 仔细检查;复习

look over (仔细)检查

 

up短语

 

bring up 教育;培养;提出

cheer up 使振奋;使高兴起来(cheer sb. up)

clean up (把……)打扫干净;(把……)收拾整齐

cut up 切碎

dress up 穿上盛装;装扮

eat up 吃光;吃完

fix up 修理;修补

get up 起床

give up 放弃

grow up 成长;长大

hang up 挂断电话

hurry up 赶快

look up (在词典、参考书等中)查阅;查找

make up 编造;形成;组成

pick up 捡起

put up 张贴;搭建

send up 发射,把……送上去

set up 建立;创立;开办

show up 出席;露面

stay up 不睡觉;熬夜

take up (尤指为消遣)学着做;开始做

think up 想出

turn up 开大(声音);出现

use up 用完;用光;耗尽

 

with短语

 

agree with 赞同;持相同意见

begin with 以……开始

connect with 与……相连

deal with 处理;应付

catch up with 赶上

come up with 提出;想出(主意、回答等)

get along/on with sb. 与某人相处

go on with 继续

keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系

keep up with 与......并驾齐驱;跟上

练一练

9.Mike and his parents will______for Shanghai to visit Disney Park tomorrow.

A. put off      

B. take off    

C. get off      

D. set off

 D【解析】句意:迈克和他父母明天将____去上海参观迪斯尼乐园。put off推迟;take off脱下,(飞机)起飞;get off下车;set off动身(去)。根据句意可知,他们明天动身去上海参观,因此用set off。故选D。

 

10.This bus doesn’t go to the train station. I’m afraid you’ll have to ________ at the library and take the A30.

A. take off  

B.  put off  

C. get off  

D.  turn off

C【解析】句意:这辆公交车不去火车站。我恐怕你不得不从图书馆     , 然后转乘A30。take off 脱下,(飞机)起飞;put off推迟;get off下车;turn off关闭。根据语境可知此处指的是下车,故选C。

 

11.—What are you doing over there?

—I’m ________a photo of our family on the wall.

A. looking up  

B. giving up  

C. making up  

D. putting up

D【解析】句意:“你在那边做什么?”“我把一张我们的全家福在墙上。”looking up向上看,查找;giving up放弃;making up组成,编造;putting up张贴。根据句意可知“put up”符合语境,指把照片往墙上贴。故选D。

 

12.People along the river didn’t allow them to_______ a factory there in order to protect the water.

A. set up   

B. give up     

C. take up     

D.  look up

A【解析】句意:为了保护河水,沿河的人们不允许他们在那一个工厂。set up建立,开业;give up放弃;take up从事;占据;look up查阅,向上看。set up a factory建立一个工厂。故选A。

 

13.—Do you know who _______ my dictionary? I can’t find it.

—Sorry, I don’t konw, either. I was out just now.

A. got away    

B. took away    

C. ran away   

D. threw away

B【解析】句意:“你知道谁________我的字典吗?我找不到它了”“不好意思,我也不知道。我刚出去了”got away逃离;took away拿走;run away逃跑;threw away扔掉。根据句意可以是询问谁拿走了我的字典,故选B。

 

14.—Could you tell me where the fitting room is? I need to________ this pair of pants.

—Sure. Over there.

A. work on   

B. pass on  

C. depend on   

D. try on

D【解析】句意:“你能告诉我试衣间在哪里吗?我需要________这条裤子。”“当然可以。在那边”work on从事;pass on传递;depend on依赖;try on试穿。根据句意寻找试衣间,表示要试穿这条裤子,故选D。

 

15.—When will your new book_______? I can’t wait to read it.

—Next month.

A. give out    

B. come out   

C. work out   

D. sell out

B【解析】句意:“你的新书什么时候_______?我迫不及待地想读它。”“下个月”give out 分发;come out 出版;work out 解决;sell out卖光。根据句意“我”想读你的书,可知询问的是新书什么时候出版,故选B。

 

16.It took them about five hours to________ the fire. Although the house was destroyed, nobody was hurt.

A. put out  

B. carry out  

C. work out  

D. find out

A【解析】句意:他们花费了大约5个小时才把火     。尽管房子被毁坏了,但没人受伤。put out扑灭,熄灭;carry out实施;work out算出,解决;find out查明。根据语境可知,此处指“花了将近5个小时才把火扑灭”,故选A。

 

17.The best way of ________ the problem is by asking the teacher for help.

A.beginning with   

B. dealing with  

C. connecting with  

D. agreeing with

B【解析】句意:_______这个问题最好的方法是寻求老师的帮助。beginning with以......开始;dealing with 处理;connecting with与......相连;agreeing with赞同。deal with the problem处理问题,故选B。

 

文章来自兰州新东方优能中学教育

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